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The haunting image of David Kirby's death, taken by journalism student Therese Frare in 1990, became an iconic image of the HIV/AIDS epidemic that, by then, had seen as many as 12 million people infected. (Life)

The Photo That Changed The Face Of AIDS

by Claire O'Neill
Dec 1, 2011

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LIFE Editor Ben Cosgrove describes this image of Peta taken by Frare: "It has, I guess I'd call it, a kind of galvanic calm. It's elegiac, but not soft, or maudlin, or wispy. It's just a masterful portrait of an obviously complex, strong individual."

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"There aren't many stories moving enough to give me chills every single time I encounter them," says Ben Cosgrove, an editor at, "but this is one that can."

The story he's referring to began as a personal project for Therese Frare — a journalism student at Ohio University at the time — and ended up in Life magazine. Shortly after enrolling in graduate school in 1990, she began volunteering at Pater Noster House, an AIDS hospice in Columbus. And shortly after that, she began photographing.

Her photo of a dying David Kirby, which ran in Life that same year, became iconic and hugely controversial. According to Life, it "became the one photograph most identified with the HIV/AIDS epidemic that, by then, had seen as many as 12 million people infected."

Last year, 20 years after that photograph was originally published, the editors at Life contacted Frare for more insight. They learned that the image of Kirby was a small part of a much bigger story. Kirby actually died not long after Frare began shooting at the hospice. She spent much more time, it turns out, with Peta, a caretaker who himself was HIV-positive. Frare photographed Peta over the course of two years, until he, too, died.

"The narrative around Therese's relationship with ... Peta was really the emotional core of the feature," Cosgrove says. He interviewed Frare in 2010 for a commemorative feature on that revisits the original photo story.

"As for the photos themselves," Cosgrove continues, "some of them are, simply and undeniably, beautiful. The final shot of Peta, with his hair wrapped round his face like a feathered shroud, is astonishing. I can easily imagine that photograph gracing the wall of a great museum."

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