The Turkish eggplant (aka scarlet eggplant, or Ethiopian eggplant, depending on who you ask) has been in the spotlight at my house this week. When a friend brought them from a nearby farmers market, I mistook them for persimmons — until I sliced one open.
So what's inside? Lots of seeds. And, the more vibrant the orange color, the riper the plant, the more mature the seeds. So if you want to cook with them, it's best to buy them and eat them while still mostly green. They won't be as bitter.
The scarlet eggplant tastes similar to the traditional purple eggplant, so I wondered - are these close relatives? And how did they get here?
Turns out the purple eggplant (Solanum melongena) originated in Asia, whereas the scarlet eggplant (Solanum aethiopicum) comes from Africa. Rachel Meyer of the New York Botanical Garden tells us that in parts of Asia, these orange orbs are considered medicinal and eaten with the belief that they help lower blood sugar.
Plant breeder Stephen King of Texas A & M University says he suspects the scarlet eggplant may be closer to its wild origins than the highly-bred purple eggplant. Telling "wild" characteristics of the scarlet eggplant are the things that big agriculture ventures normally breed out: They have smaller fruit as well as thorny, prickly vines.
One variety, called Gilo, made its way to South America during the slave trade. "Slaves snuck seeds of their favorite foods onto the ships and this is how it got to Brazil," explains Meyer.
West African immigrants have long sought out the eggplants they know from home, and growing them has become a new line of business for some former tobacco farmers, as we reported last summer. These eggplants and many others in a variety of shapes and colors are starting to attract a wider audience by turning up in farmers markets from the East Coast to California. Meyer says their unusual shape and color catches peoples' eyes. "And it baffles everybody!"
So how can you turn this unexpected eggplant into something delectable? We reached out to Sidra Forman, a D.C. chef and urban gardener who's got a great method for using eggplant in summer salads, and yes she's tried the scarlet varietals. Her tips: Don't salt, and you don't need to douse in oil. She created this fabulous dish:
Roasted Turkish Eggplant with Fennel and White Peaches
Cutting the ripe Turkish eggplant in wedges shows off the intense color of their orange flesh. This type of eggplant can be used in any recipe that calls for eggplant.
Prep Time: 5 minutes
Total Time: 15 minutes
Vegetable oil spray, grapeseed oil in a mist bottle if possible
8 Turkish Orange Eggplant about 1 ½ -2 inches in diameter cut in half top to bottom and each half cut into 3 wedges
1 sweet onion finely chopped
2 cups of finely shaved fennel
1 large or two small white peaches cut in half top to bottom, pit removed and cut into small wedges
¼ cup chopped fresh curly parsley
2 tablespoons banyuls vinegar (or substitute sherry or red wine vinegar)
2 teaspoons olive oil
Fine sea salt and freshly ground black pepper to taste
Preheat oven to 400 degrees.
Place eggplant and onion on an oiled sheet pan, lightly coat vegetables with vegetable oil spray and season with salt and pepper.
Cook until eggplant is tender, about 10 minutes.
Once eggplant is cooled, in a large bowl, combine eggplant and onion mixture, fennel, peaches, parsley, vinegar, olive oil, salt and pepper.
Serve immediately or refrigerate until ready to serve.
And, if you're just looking for an easy method to prepare eggplant for any summer salad creation, Forman says:
-slice eggplant thinly with a knife or mandolin
-spray lightly using an oil mister filled with grapeseed oil
-season with salt and pepper
-roast on an oiled sheet pan in a 400 degree oven or a well-oiled grill for about 3-5 minutes on each side, until tender)