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You sent us your soles! (Various for NPR)

Bob Boilen's Weekly Rainbows

Apr 19, 2014

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I Break Horses at DC9 in Washington, D.C. Juana Molina performing in Vienna, VA.

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Bob Boilen

Every week I hear something amazing, see something inspiring and want to pass it on. These events are sometimes fleeting, sometimes iconic, but they stop me in my tracks. Bob's Rainbows is the place where I'll highlight the very best of my weekly music intake. [Editor's note: Why rainbows? They're the only naturally occurring phenomenon that can make Bob take his headphones off.]

You might see some of it pop up on the All Songs Considered Twitter account (@allsongs), my Instagram feed or our Facebook page in real time, but this will be a permanent home for the amazing rainbows in my life.


SHOW OF THE WEEK - A Double Rainbow!

Juana Molina at Jammin' Java in Vienna, Va., April 16, 2014

About a dozen years ago Juana Molina released a record that was a sonic earthquake. Segundo took electronic sounds and rhythms and made them fresh and vibrant in ways that seemed unimaginable until that moment. The Argentine singer and former actress continued to make head-turning records until 2008. And then nothing until last year, when she put out Wed 21, which features Juana and her band — keyboardist Odin Schwartz, drummer Diego López and Juana singing and playing guitar — connected to at least ten loop and effect pedals. Her show at Jammin' Java was one of those shows filled with surprise. We've all been to shows with keyboards, drums and guitar before but I know I've never heard notes in such odd places and rhythms so simple and divine.

I Break Horses at DC9 in Washington, D.C., April 15, 2014

I Break Horses is the Swedish electronic duo of Maria Lindén and Fredrik Balck. They were joined on tour with a live drummer who at times overpowered the vocals, but when things were in balance, the music was trance inducing and hopeful and so good.


SONG OF THE WEEK

"Hymn For A Missing Girl" by The Darcys

This seems so completely out of left field I had to pass it along. It's a 22-minute, instrumental, guitar-based track from The Darcys that the band says was "originally inspired by Cormac McCarthy's Cities Of The Plain. I know The Darcys have a harsher side, but this is also the band who covered Steely Dan's breezy side, Aja. Their own songs mostly hover in the 3 and 4 minute range, but this album side-length tune is a sometimes brash and unpredictable journey.


VIDEO OF THE WEEK

"Sunbathing Animal" by Parquet Courts

There's simply no attempt in this video to lock music to the action (a cat on a couch) which makes this all the sillier and the song that much more fun. I won't reveal any more except to say that I truly enjoy the spirit of this band and their very 1977 sound.


FLASHBACK OF THE WEEK

Devo Live at Max's Kansas City 1977

Today, April 19, is the seventh annual Record Store Day, and on this week's All Songs Considered we featured some of our favorite Record Store Day releases including a vinyl reissue of a Devo show from 1977 at Max's Kansas City. This was a very early New York City show for the Akron, Ohio art rock band. I had the pleasure of seeing them about 10 months later and I can tell you that the video here, as poor as the quality is, captures the spirit of this insanely creative band.


RANDOM RAINBOW OF THE WEEK

We wanted your sole and we got it!

I didn't know what to expect when I asked you to go to concerts and capture the "Sole of a Band." I asked for photographs of shoes worn by musicians on stage, and for you to notice the connection between those fashionable loafers, boots and sneakers and the music being played. Now, all over the country, folks are out taking shiny shoe pics and sending them to us for our puzzler. If you'd like to contribute or simply take the quiz, then go our Sole Of A Band page. Some of your photos might show up in future quizzes — come back to play a new one this Wednesday, April 23.

Copyright 2014 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

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The 300,000 wells drilled in Louisiana are connected by tens of thousands of miles of pipelines that are vulnerable to leaks, like this one in a coastal marsh. (Gulf Restoration Network)

Telltale Rainbow Sheens Show Thousands Of Spills Across The Gulf

by Bob Marshall
Apr 19, 2014 (Weekend Edition Saturday / WWNO-FM)

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The vast oil insfrastructure in Louisiana's wetlands are vulnerable to damage during hurricanes. These facilities were leaking after Hurricane Isaac. Louisiana relies largely on the oil industry to self-report leaks and spills. The Gulf Monitoring Consortium was formed to improve that effort and said it often finds smaller leaks like this one, near Golden Meadow, that go unreported by the companies.

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Jonathan Henderson of New Orleans-based Gulf Restoration Network is flying Louisiana's coast looking for oil. As usual, he's found some.

"I just noticed something out of the corner of my eye that looks like a sheen that had some form to it," he says. "We're going to go take a closer look and see if there's a rainbow sheen."

It's a target-rich environment for Henderson, because more than 54,000 wells were planted in and off this coast — part of the 300,000 wells in the state. They're connected by thousands of miles of pipelines, all vulnerable to leaks.

And leak they do. Louisiana admits to at least 300,000 barrels spilled on its land and in its waters each year, 20 percent of the nation's total. But those figures come from a system that depends largely on oil companies to self-report.

The problem went mostly unnoticed until the largest spill in U.S. history back on April 20, 2010, drew environmental groups to the coast looking for BP's oil.

"I started noticing, towards the end of 2010, other leaks that were unrelated to the BP disaster," Henderson says. "I would find wellheads that were leaking or platforms that were leaking. Just in the last year, I have filed 50 reports for different leaks and spills unrelated to the BP disaster."

Under the Clean Water Act, when a company spills any amount of oil in the water, it must file a report with the National Response Center run by the Coast Guard. But when Henderson checked, he found many of those smaller spills were not making that list.

So environmental groups formed the Gulf Monitoring Consortium to get a better count on spills. The partnership is a blend groups of complementary skills.

Gulf Restoration Network, for example, has personnel who can spot spills from the air and file complete reports.

SouthWings, a group of volunteer pilots, helps get those spotters aloft.

A third member, the West Virginia-based tech group SkyTruth, finds the spills on satellite photographs, then applies a formula used by spill experts to translate the size of the oil sheen into gallons of oil in the water.

SkyTruth spokesman David Manthos says its estimates typically are much higher than what's been reported.

"We found that the spill was usually 10 times larger than had been reported, and that was averaged out across a lot," he says. "In some, the mismatch was much larger than that."

The sheer size of the industry here means there's seldom a quiet day for the consortium. In an average year, the NRC receives 10,000 reports of spills in the Gulf.

It's a number that surprised even SouthWings Gulf Program Director Meredith Dowling, a veteran of monitoring efforts.

"I can't think of a single instance where our volunteers have flown offshore and not found spills," Dowling says. "This was something that was really amazing to me when I first moved here ... that is was a continuous, absolute failure of business-as-usual practices."

The partners hope their work educates the public to the scope of the problem, and perhaps gets governments to end the voluntary compliance model and turn to aggressive enforcement by outside groups.

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How a zebra gets its stripes. (Ricardo Solis)

So This Is How They Do It! Zebras Getting Stripes

Apr 19, 2014 (WWNO-FM)

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Teeny buckets of paint make a flamingo pink. Making a giraffe is as easy as paint-by-number.

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How did it happen? How'd the zebra get its stripes?

In Rudyard Kipling's version, a gray, horsey-looking beast went into "a great forest 'sclusively full of trees and bushes and stripy, speckly, patchy-batchy shadows," stayed there awhile, and after a "long time"... got stripy.

OK. Not bad.

Here's another notion, this one from Ricardo Solis, an artist working in Guadalajara, Mexico. He says a team of highly intelligent mini-mes got itself a roll of black ribbon. Using giant scissors, the mini-mes cut themselves long slivers, which, dropped from a blimp, they pasted on a horse.

This is such a satisfying explanation. No waiting eons and eons. No random mutations. No molecular biology. Just a team of itty-bitty designers doing, well ... almost intelligent design. They're not precise. Life should be accidental, which is why it feels right that a flamingo gets its pink from teeny buckets of paint, randomly poured. And why the mini-mes down below have to protect themselves with small umbrellas.

Plus, creature-building should be hard work. In making a giraffe, a team of designers had to draw, manufacture and stock each golden-brown blotch, and ship them to the studio, where this monster-sized animal, tethered by a handful of mini-mes, is patiently waiting to be accessorized. It's a paint-by-numbers job, each blotch must be fitted to its pre-figured spot, and if they take too long and the giraffe gets restless? I'm not even going to think about that.

In the Bible, genesis happens super-fast, as befits an all-powerful being. Creation is a six-day effort, from "let there be light" all the way through zebra-striping, giraffe pigmentation and flamingo pinks. Then, on the seventh day, God rests. He gives Himself a single day off. One.

Giraffe Production Bottlenecks

Not the mini-mes. Ricardo Solis doesn't say, being an artist, but I'm figuring those little guys needed two, three full days to paint in each giraffe. Multiply that by the number of giraffes on order, and creation is a labor-intensive nightmare. Figuring regular weekends, summer vacations, holidays and medical leave for paint-poisoning, giraffe gestation is going to be very, very slow — which is why, if Ricardo Solis ever visits Africa and gets to see 50, 60 giraffes ambling together across the plain, he — more than the rest of us — will blink, smile and say, "That? That is a miracle!"

There are many routes to appreciating the bounty about us.


To see more Ricardo Solis drawings - of hippos being inflated, armadillos getting armored — you can find his latest work collected here.

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Masked pro-Russian activists guard a barricade at an occupied regional administration building in Donetsk, Ukraine, Saturday. Ukraine says it is suspending an "anti-terrorist" operation for Easter. (AP)

Ukraine Calls An Easter Truce In Clash With Militants

Apr 19, 2014 (WWNO-FM)

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Citing progress in diplomacy and this weekend's Easter holiday, Ukrainian officials say they've suspended an "anti-terrorist operation" that is aimed at pro-Russian forces who have occupied government buildings in eastern Ukraine.

The move comes after an international group including Ukrainian officials, Secretary of State John Kerry and Russia's top diplomat Sergei Lavrov reached an agreement late this week in Geneva that would compel the separatists to disarm and abandon the buildings they've taken in parts Donetsk and other cities with large Russian-speaking populations in eastern Ukraine.

"In exchange, the government in Kiev would give the regions more autonomy, offer equal status to the Russian language - which are two of the things the rebels have been asking for from the beginning," NPR's Ari Shapiro tells Wade Goodwyn on Weekend Edition Saturday.

But Ari notes that the agreement reached in Geneva faces challenges in Ukraine.

"At this point, the occupiers say they will only lay down their weapons and leave if the interim government in Kiev also steps down," he says.

At an occupied building in Donetsk, the rebels displayed a sign Friday that read, "Yanukovych is our only president," Ari notes.

The separatists have also demanded an independence referendum next month, before Ukraine is scheduled to hold elections to install a permanent government to replace the ousted President Viktor Yanukovych.

"The anti-terrorist operation continues. How long it is going to last, it depends on when the terrorists leave our territory. Due to the Easter holidays and the Geneva agreements, the operation is not in its active phase at the moment," Ukraine's Security Service press secretary Maryna Ostapenko said, according to a news release from the defense ministry.

The BBC has this look at the broader picture:

"The US has threatened more sanctions if Russia fails to abide by the agreement.

"The Kremlin responded by accusing the White House of treating Moscow like a 'guilty schoolboy.'"

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Usman Riaz performs at a Tiny Desk Concert in February 2014. (NPR)

Usman Riaz: Tiny Desk Concert

Apr 19, 2014 (WWNO-FM)

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This is simply astonishing. Watch twenty seconds and you'll be sucked into the world of Usman Riaz, an immensely talented 23-year-old Pakistani musician who will change your perception of how a guitar can sound and be played. What's more remarkable is that this Berklee College of Music whiz kid learned much of his dazzling guitar technique by watching YouTube videos at 16. He also learned what he calls "parlor tricks," like body percussion and harmonica. But the classically trained pianist also used the Internet to learn how to write and conduct orchestra pieces and make films. If you're a skeptic, fine, just watch this youngest of TED senior fellows and be dazzled.

Set List

  • "Boneshaker"
  • "The Waves"
  • "Shimmer"

Credits

Producers: Bob Boilen, Denise DeBelius; Audio Engineer: Kevin Wait; Videographers: Denise DeBelius, Gabriella Garcia-Pardo, Olivia Merrion; photo by Jim Tuttle/NPR

Copyright 2014 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

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