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A prayer for the missing and dead: Family members and friends have gathered in the port city of Jindo, South Korea, as the search continues for the scores of passengers still missing after last Wednesday's ferry disaster. At the water's edge, many are offering prayers -- including this woman. (Reuters/Landov)

'Murder,' South Korean Leader Says Of Ferry Captain's Actions

Apr 21, 2014

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"The conduct of the captain and some crew members is wholly unfathomable from the viewpoint of common sense, and it was like an act of murder that cannot and should not be tolerated."

Yonhap News says that was the word Monday from South Korean President Park Geun-hye as she spoke with senior aides about last week's ferry disaster, which is feared to have killed about 300 people — most of them high school students who were on a trip to a popular resort island.

CNN has a slightly different version of the president's words, though they convey the same message:

" 'The actions of the captain and some of the crew are absolutely unacceptable, unforgivable actions that are akin to murder,' Park said Monday in comments released by her office. She said she and other South Koreans were filled with 'rage and horror.' "

According to Yonhap News, Park condemned Captain Lee Jun-seok for not moving more quickly to evacuate the 476 or so people who were on board and for being among the first who were able to get to safety:

"The captain did not comply with passenger evacuation orders from the vessel traffic service ... and escaped ahead of others while telling passengers to keep their seats. This is something that is never imaginable legally or ethically," she said.

As we reported Sunday, a transcript of the conversations between the ferry's crew and local maritime authorities show there was considerable confusion last Wednesday when something caused the ship to start listing. Within two hours it had capsized and begun sinking.

Among Monday's other developments:

— "Sixty four people have been confirmed dead while 238 others are still unaccounted," Yonhap News writes.

— "Divers are retrieving the bodies at a faster pace," Reuters reports. Parents who have gathered in the port city of Jindo have "moved from [a] gymnasium to the pier to await news."

— Seven members of the crew, including the captain, are now under arrest, according to The Washington Post and other news outlets.

On Morning Edition, NPR's Anthony Kuhn reported about how a family's grief was compounded by human error when they were told of one girl's death — only to be shown a body that wasn't her's.

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A prayer for the missing and dead: Family members and friends have gathered in the port city of Jindo, South Korea, as the search continues for the scores of passengers still missing after last Wednesday's ferry disaster. At the water's edge, many are offering prayers -- including this woman. (Reuters/Landov)

Book News: 'Rabbit-Proof Fence' Author Doris Pilkington Garimara Dies

by Annalisa Quinn
Apr 21, 2014

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The daily lowdown on books, publishing, and the occasional author behaving badly.

o Doris Pilkington Garimara, the aboriginal author who wrote of the forced separation of mixed-race aboriginal children from their families, died on April 10. She was thought to be 76. Garimara's novel Follow the Rabbit-Proof Fence was based on the story of her mother, one of the so-called Stolen Generation, who was taken from her family and placed in a government settlement. She escaped with two other girls and walked more than 1,000 miles through the Australian wilderness. Garimara, too, was a member of the Stolen Generation and grew up in a mission believing she had been abandoned by her mother. "[W]hile we were in the mission, again, we were continually told, you know, that the Aboriginal culture was evil ... [a]nd the people who practiced it were pagans and devil worshippers," she said in a 2003 interview. Reunited years later, Garimara's mother told her the story of her escape, which became a novel and then a celebrated film.
o Michele Glazer has a poem titled "Issue" in the Boston Review:
We have arrived at what we dread: the
diminution of loved ones, livid

and unmistakable lapses, quick
angers that lap at, lick at

dread: dread

that is the one certain shore.

The Best Books Coming Out This Week:
o Lisa Robinson began reporting at a time when rock journalism "was in its infancy and mostly populated by boys who had ambitions to become the next Norman Mailer," she writes in her pleasantly gossipy memoir, There Goes Gravity: A Life in Rock and Roll. Her memories of some of music's biggest legends, from Mick Jagger to Michael Jackson to Lady Gaga (whom she describes as "a cute girl in her twenties who had really good manners"), animate this book, though Robinson sometimes gets a little too misty with nostalgia.
o Francine Prose's Lovers At the Chameleon Club, 1932 follows Lou Villars, a French lesbian racecar driver who spied for the Nazis. Told by competing narrators, the book is more a story about the unreliability of memory and storytelling than a tale about Lou. The book is flawed, mostly because of its habit of assigning ever-more elaborate identities (lesbian Nazi racecar driver, wealthy baroness who worked for the Resistance) to its characters rather than developing them as people. But it also makes a persuasive point about the ways that the authors of history have their own agendas.

Copyright 2014 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

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Copyright(c) 2014, NPR
A prayer for the missing and dead: Family members and friends have gathered in the port city of Jindo, South Korea, as the search continues for the scores of passengers still missing after last Wednesday's ferry disaster. At the water's edge, many are offering prayers -- including this woman. (Reuters/Landov)

Florida Proposes New Rules Regarding Alligators

Apr 21, 2014 (Morning Edition) — A state commission proposed a ban on selling stuffed baby alligators in "unnatural positions." It's designed to discourage baby gator hunting. If passed, no more little gators waving on a surfboard.

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A prayer for the missing and dead: Family members and friends have gathered in the port city of Jindo, South Korea, as the search continues for the scores of passengers still missing after last Wednesday's ferry disaster. At the water's edge, many are offering prayers -- including this woman. (Reuters/Landov)

Miss America Asks School To Reconsider Student's Punishment

Apr 21, 2014 (Morning Edition) — When Miss America visited Patrick Farves high school, he asked her to the prom. She can't go, and the school punished him for asking. But she reportedly asked the school to rethink the suspension.

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Boston Marathon Race Director Dave McGillivray (right) greets runners during the Boston Athletic Association 10K race in Boston. (Boston Globe via Getty Images)

The Boston Marathon Through The Eyes Of Two Men Who Love It

by Eyder Peralta
Apr 21, 2014

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Dave McGillivray likely knows the Boston Marathon better than anyone else.

McGillivray is the race's director — responsible for all the details of the oldest and most prestigious marathon in the world. And for the past 41 years, he has also run all 26.2 miles of the course. For the past 27 years, he's done so after his work duties are done.

Year after year, he heads out to Hopkinton after tens of thousands of runners have crossed the finish. He completes his 26.2-mile trek as the sun sets, after the spectators have gone home and the volunteers have cleared the water stations.

On Monday, the 118th running of the race, the mechanics won't be any different.

But when we meet in February, he's fretting. The twin bombings of 2013 that left three dead and dozens injured mean at the very least that an already complex event will be even more so. To begin with, he says, the number of runners — 36,000 of them — will rival the field that ran the 100th Boston Marathon.

"I don't know how people are going to react," he says. "No one is going to know until we get there."

Last year things were on automatic pilot, he says. The skies were blue, the temperature perfect; few runners had to be treated by the medics. He texted the executive director of the marathon to say that 75 percent of the runners had crossed the finish line. He asked if he could head to Hopkinton to begin his 26.2-mile journey.

"Beat it," the executive director wrote back.

"At 2:52, I got the infamous phone call," McGillivray says.

Two bombs had detonated near the finish line.

McGillivray asked a state trooper to give him a lift back to Boston. The ride was a blur, close to 27 miles in 20 minutes.

He saw carnage when he arrived at the finish. McGillivray saw the emergency vehicles and the rush to save lives; he saw the panic and the injured.

He walked toward the finish line, and a police officer stopped him.

"I'm the race director," he told the officer. "I need to go up there to see what's going on. It's kind of my race."

The cop looked at him. Suddenly, things were bigger than the Boston Marathon.

The officer said, "It's not yours anymore."

***

Tom Derderian has probably thought about the Boston Marathon more than anyone.

He wrote a history of the race. In the mid-1970s and into the '80s, Derderian was running alongside greats like Alberto Salazar and Bill Rodgers. He was coached by Bill Squires at the Greater Boston Track Club. In short, Derderian was in the thick of it when long-distance running was dominated by Americans and inspired a nation. In 1975, Derderian set his personal best at Boston with a time of 2:19:04.

Now in his mid-60s, Derderian doesn't bother running Boston. As he puts it, he's "old and slow" so he's not a contender. Running instead of racing is "just boring."

The race has changed quite a bit over its 117 years. When it began, it was a few young men pounding dirt roads in boots. In the 1970s, when demand for the race outpaced supply, the Boston Athletic Association introduced qualifying standards to limit the pool, which made Boston even more popular.

"It sort of became the whole theme of the race," McGillivray explains, "that if it wasn't already the holy grail, it quickly became the holy grail of marathoning, because it was the only race other than the Olympic Marathon where you had to qualify. And that became the everyday person's Super Bowl and World Series and just bucket-list item."

Dave McGillivray relishes the change, saying the "walls of intimidation have crumbled." In the '70s and '80s, Boston wasn't about covering the distance; it was about how fast you could run it.

"It's a whole different purpose now," McGillivray says. "It's about feeling good about yourself."

The last time Derderian ran Boston was in 1986. He ran it in 3 hours and 10 minutes.

"There were tons of people cheering; but they weren't cheering for anything interesting," he says.

Derderian, as you may have guessed, yearns for the golden days — like that race in 1982, when Americans Dick Beardsley and Alberto Salazar fought over every inch of the course for the entire two-plus hours. It was a fistfight, a work of art in which both athletes gave so much of themselves that it ruined their bodies and neither one ever reached those heights again.

"The marathon is a mirror of history," Derderian says. "The original idea of the marathon was the 1800s idea, the 19th century notion of the young man sacrificing for country."

That's the myth of Pheidippides, which gave rise to the marathon distance. As the story goes, the Greek foot soldier was sent from Athens to Sparta (140 miles) to ask for backup against the invading Persian army. After a Greek victory in Marathon, Pheidippides was sent back to Athens (about 26 miles) to deliver the news.

"Rejoice! We conquer!" Pheidippides screamed, before he collapsed and died.

Derderian says that myth rang true in the early days, when a marathon was seen as a "dangerous thing to do." It's been through numerous identities since, from an event in which warriors could test their strength, to a popular spectacle worth betting on, to a symbol of fitness and healthy living. The marathon's identity today is all about doing good and raising money for charity.

The bombing, Derderian says, may be bringing things full circle.

"People are flocking to the marathon because they feel they are putting themselves at risk in defiance," Derderian says. "They have come all the way back to Pheidippides, all the way back to 'Rejoice! We conquer.' Boston strong echoes Pheidippides — that's how we've come back all the way around."

***

McGillivray's love affair with the Boston Marathon began when he was just 17 years old. He was a senior in high school and told his grandfather that he was going to run Boston. His grandfather told him he would wait for him at Coolidge Corner, mile 24.

When the day came, McGillivray couldn't make it past the hills in Newton, which begin around mile 19. He ended up at the hospital. His grandfather spent all day waiting for him at mile 24. Later, after he learned McGillivray had dropped out, he encouraged him to try again the next year.

McGillivray's grandfather died two months later. So that year, McGillivray thought about him as he logged the training miles and once again made it to the starting line in Hopkinton.

"At 21.5 miles, I just couldn't continue," he says. So he sat down on the side of the road, crying.

"I look around me and realized that's where they buried my grandfather," McGillivray says. "He said he'd be there, and there was his tombstone. Maybe he wasn't there physically, but he was there spiritually for me right there on the marathon course."

McGillivray picked himself up and finished in 4.5 hours.

"That's when I said I'm going to run this race every year for the rest of my life," he says.

McGillivray had run Boston, uninterrupted, for 40 years before the bombings.

I meet him at the finish line of the Boston Marathon. It's right smack in the middle of downtown Boston, right next to the Boston Public Library, the oldest in the country, and across the way from the Gothic revival building of the Old South Church.

The finish line is painted on the asphalt, blue and yellow and white. Stand there long enough and you'll see tourists get out of their cars and snap a picture. Or you'll see a runner pause for a moment, like a pilgrim at an altar.

Last April 15, McGillivray says, he didn't think about his own run, about his 40-year stretch. He thought about his family and the victims. He thought about the three who were killed.

About 11 days after the bombings, McGillivray snuck out quietly to Hopkinton with a friend. With their two sons acting as a support crew, they ran the empty course. They ran through Ashland and Framingham, through Wellesley and the hills of Newton. And finally into Boston.

He says he doesn't really remember running the course. He says he remembers feeling sad, but proud at the response. He said he doesn't remember thinking about the physical ails that afflict a body running 26 miles.

He made it to Boylston Street a little after 2 p.m. It meant closure.

"Runners won't be denied," McGillivray says."We lost a little bit. We were all victimized. But, at the same time, we're back. I always feel like a scar on your body is stronger than the original skin, and that's how I feel about this situation."

Copyright 2014 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

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