Throughout history, there has been no shortage of scientists claiming the mental superiority of one racial group over another,* specifically whites over blacks. One recent example: in October, Nobel Laureate James Watson* said that Africa's prospects are bleak, citing intellectual inferiority. Journalist William Saletan backed him up in an article on Slate. Outrage ensued. Today, we talk with writer Malcolm Gladwell, who takes a different approach. He'll talk to us about James Flynn and the Flynn Effect, which says that differences in I.Q. are a reflection of the quality of the world — or culture — a person lives in.
* Or one gender over another, for that matter.
** Sound familiar? That's because he co-discovered the DNA double helix.