Nobel Prize in medicine
Oct 8, 2012 — John Gurdon and Shinya Yamanaka discovered that every cell in our body — from skin and heart to brain and lung — can reinvent itself and become any other cell type. These stem cells have vast potential for drug development, for many diseases, like Alzheimer's, muscular dystrophy and diabetes.
Oct 8, 2012 — John B. Gurdon and Shinya Yamanaka discovered that mature and specialized cells "can be reprogrammed to become immature cells capable of developing into all tissues of the body," according to the Nobel committee.
Oct 3, 2011 — The three scientists who won this year's Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine opened important windows on how the immune system works to defend against microbial invaders and refrain from attacking animals' cells.
Oct 3, 2011 — American Bruce Beutler, Luxembourg-born Jules Hoffman and Canadian-born Ralph Steinman are being honored for their discoveries about the human immune system.