Gary Mercure was traveling in that state with two boys from his North Country parish when he raped and assaulted them.
The attacks happened in the 1980s. Other children who were once under Mercure's care have since come forward to say that they were also molested.
He was tried in Massachusetts because the statute of limitations in New York had expired.
Earlier this month, a jury found Mercure guilty of three counts of forcible rape of a child and one count of indecent assault and battery of a child under 14.
Authorities were alerted about the assaults by the Diocese of Albany in 2008.
On Wednesday, the judge who heard the case blasted Mercure for his behavior.
"You’re not a priest," said Berkshire Superior Court Judge John Agostini, according to the Berkshire Eagle newspaper.
"You’re no more than a common thug."
On Wednesday Judge Agostinie sentenced Mercure to concurrent prison terms.
Mercure has denied the allegations, and his lawyers said the alleged victims were coached into making abuse claims. Mercure's lawyer has said he will appeal.