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We measured the wood and it was very short. 50% less than we paid for.

Wood dealers selling short cords?

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Record-setting snowfall and sub-zero temperatures in the Northeast have led to increased demand for firewood this heating season. There's also been an uptick in complaints by consumers who say they're getting less firewood than they pay for. As part of a collaboration with Northeast stations, WNPR's Diane Orson reports.

Northeast environmental reporting is made possible, in part, by a grant from United Technologies.

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By law, firewood is sold in cords. That’s a unit of measure: 4 feet high by 4 feet wide by 8 feet long. That may not sound like much, but it’s a lot. And for the uneducated, it can be hard to measure.  

“I didn’t grow up with a fireplace, so its not like I’ve seen what cords of wood look like growing up.” “We were not educated until all of this happened to us.”

Victor and his wife Maka sit a few yards away from the wood stove that helps to heat their home in Newtown Connecticut. They don’t want to use their last name, because they’re in the midst of a nasty legal battle with a local firewood dealer.

The couple paid $540 dollars in cash for three cords of firewood at the start of winter. “We realized that it was substantially less than what we estimated it should have been. And we measured the wood and it was very short. 50% less than we paid for.”

That’s not unusual, says Frank Greene, director of the Division of Food and Standards at Connecticut’s Department of Consumer Protection. “Usually we get maybe about 30 complaints a year. I think it’s a little bit up this year. It just seems like this last month we’ve gotten a lot of complaints.”

When he begins investigating firewood complaints, Greene says his first question is: do you have a receipt? “You should have a written receipt. No. Did you pay him by cash or check? Well I gave him cash. Ok. How’d you get hold of him? It seems like a lot of them are saying they got ‘em on Craig’s List, and all they have is an e-mail address or a cell phone number and that’s it.”

But is this just happening to suburbanites who don’t know much about wood? In Vermont, Rhode Island and New Hampshire there are similar complaints.

“Basically anybody with a pickup truck and a chainsaw can sell firewood.” Kevin Young works for the Department of Weights and Measures in New Hampshire.

Many of his cases lead to the arrest and prosecution of unscrupulous dealers, but he says firewood investigations are labor intensive. “Its not like taking the amount of time it would to investigate whether a gas pump is inaccurate. These types of investigations takes weeks and sometimes months to conclude.”

He suggests stacking and measuring firewood when its delivered, or paying extra to have the seller stack it for you.

At the Open Hearth Woodyard in Hartford, Connecticut, manager Bob Kaczorowski is overseeing workers stacking wood. He says even well-meaning professionals may have trouble delivering exact cords. “If you have a tape measure or you hand load it and stack it in the truck you can be very precise, but with the volume that we have, its impossible to hand stack it. It would take forever and we wouldn’t be able to make the deliveries.”

So the Open Hearth devised a system to be sure their consumers get what they pay for. “We’ve drawn lines on the interior bed of the truck to say this is a cord. We look at those lines and we go beyond those lines to deliver the cord.”

Authorities recommend that consumers purchase wood from local established sellers.

“Its another source of fuel just like oil.” Back in Newtown, Victor says he’d like more oversight of the firewood industry. “If my oil company came here..I just had a delivery last Friday. Its over 700 dollars. If they delivered only half of what I paid for, can you imagine if there was nothing I could do? It’s the same thing for people buying firewood.”

But state authorities say they’re not apt to put a lot of time into investigating these complaints. Word to the wise when purchasing firewood: Its buyer beware.

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