It ends direct payments to farmers, and replaces them with federal crop insurance. The farm bill also authorizes federal nutrition programs, such as food stamps. Those programs will see a $4 billion cut over the next decade in the Senate bill.
That's a major reason why New York Senator Kirsten Gillibrand voted against the bill yesterday.
She told the committee that 300,000 families in New York currently receive food stamps, and they would each lose about $45-dollars per month.
The Republican-controlled House has indicated it wants even deeper cuts in the food stamp program when it considers its own farm bill later this year.
Gillibrand says she’s also concerned that the Senate bill doesn’t provide a proper safety net for dairy producers. She says New York is the third largest dairy producer in the country.